Система Orphus



Requirements for scientific article formalization 


1.1. Volume

An article should be formalized in accordance with this instruction. The volume should not exceed 10-12 pages, but should be no less than 5 pages of typescript text (approximately 20 000 characters with spaces). Materials for publishing should be prepared in Word 2000 and placed in a single-column of A4 paper, typed with Times New Roman (Cyrillic alphabet) font, line interval – single spacing.

1.2. Page numbering

Front pages of articles are not numbered.

1.3. Print quality of the author's final manuscript

Size and legibility of all symbols in the text, formulas, tables, images and figures should guarantee good presentation during direct imaging.

A text should be printed using a laser printer with 300 dpi resolution on one side of the paper, using high quality A4 paper (210×297 mm).

Mathematical formulas should be designed using appropriate equation editors.

1.4. Quality of illustrations

Images prepared with the help of appropriate computer-aided software may be used. Blots, insertions and gluings are not accepted.

Coloured photographs with fine detail resolution not lower than 300 dpi (original copies of photographs are attached separately in .tiff or .jpeg. formats) may be used. Attention! Images inserted in Microsoft Office Word are not separate graphics files!

Too light markers can be lost while printing, thus they should be replaced by symbols (splats, lines, etc.). Inscriptions and designations on images should be distinct and legible. The font of inscriptions and designation should be 12 pt, centrally aligned and placed under the images.

The images which do not meet the above requirements will be excluded from articles as it is impossible to represent them       typographically.


2.1. Text structure of the article

As a rule, the article is comprised of the following components (specified sequentially):

- UDC index (the contributor should receive it himself in the library of the enterprise) at the place of work;

- the article’s title;

- contributor (name, patronymic, family name);

- full information about contributors: job title and place of employment, academic degree, e-mail;

- abstract;

- key words;

- introduction;

- materials and approaches;

- results and consultation;

- summary;

- list of references.

UDC is left-aligned and typed full-out with font of 13 pt, not bold, followed by the title without line skip.

The title is typed with upper case (capital) letters, boldface type (b) of 13 pt and is centrally aligned. It should be short and concise, but at the same time precisely reflect the contents of the article. The line following the title is skipped before typing the contributors’ names.

The contributor (name, patronymic, family name) is typed with boldface type (b) of 12 pt and is centrally aligned.

First should be indicated the initials of the contributor and then the family name. 

Full information on each contributor (job title, academic degree, academic title, place of employment, organization title, location (city, region), e-mail of the first contributor only) is typed in italics (i) font of 10 pt and centrally aligned.

The line after the list is skipped and the summary is typed.

2.2. Abstract

The heading Abstract is centrally aligned, typed with boldface type (b) of 12 pt. The number before the heading is not specified. After the word Abstract the text of the abstract follows without line skip.

Abstract is a short description of the article’s contents, including the main data and the results of the work. The text of the abstract should be concise and precise, free of non-essential information, distinct by the argumentation of statements and contain 300-500 symbols. The abstract should contain no references to sections, acronyms, formulas, figures and numbers of references.

After the abstract, a line is skipped and key words are typed.

Key words, which are the most representative of the specificity of the article, are typed as a separate paragraph after the summary (up to 5-6 words, phrases), full-out and centrally aligned, heading is typed with italics (i) font, the key words themselves with ordinary font. Occasional or common phrases and acronyms should be avoided.

Additionally, the article title, contributors list, the abstract in Russian and the key words should be specified on a separate page.

2.3. Introduction

The heading Introduction is centrally aligned, typed with boldface font (b) of 12 pt, followed by the text without line skip, where special terms or names should be typed in full and not be acronymed.

The heading of the section Materials and approaches is typed after the interval.

2.4. Materials and approaches

The heading Materials and approaches is centrally aligned, typed with boldface type (b) of 12 pt.

Similarly to the preceding sections, the text is typed below without line skip.

Crossheading of the section is typed with boldface italics (I) type of 12 pt without word wrap.

2.5. Main text of the scientific article

Main contents of the article are centrally aligned, typed with boldface type of 12 pt. Every paragraph is typed on a new line. Word break in the text of the article is not accepted. Acronyms (except common) are prohibited. Conventional symbols of special terms are typed in full when used for the first time. The acronyms should be uniform in the text.

Figures and letters which are similar in writing (0 – figure, O – letter) should be denoted precisely. All the values in the articles should conform to the International System of Units (SI).

When describing the font, the terminology of the computer word processing programs is used. “Normal” font (in the Russified word processors) – font of straight light writing (Normal – in the English version), bolder writing of symbols – bold face.

The font size in all word processors is specified in points (pt), 1 pt = 0.353 mm.

The information on grants and acknowledgements is typed at the end of the article before the list of references.

2.6. The list of references is at the end of the article. The heading List of references (2nd level heading) is typed with boldface type (b) of 12 pt. It comprises all the references to literary sources (first Russian, then foreign) listed alphabetically and is performed in accordance with GOST 7.0.5-2008. References to literary sources in the text of the article are numbered and enclosed in brackets [1], [2], [3–5] etc.

Every source is typed with 12 pt font on a new line and is numbered sequentially.

The contributor is responsible for the accuracy of literary data in the article.

  1. Peculiarities of formatting images and tables

3.1. Image formatting

Image-related text on image contents is a must. It is typed with boldface type (b) of 12 pt and is centrally aligned.

All lines on the images should be wide enough to be seen during the reproduction (the too thin lines are not thoroughly printed). Every image in the text should have reference without sign No., for example (image 1). If only one image is present in the text, it is not numbered.

The images may contain notes under the image title, left-aligned, typed with normal font of 11 pt (the word Note is not typed).

Photo for the magazine should be no less than 1 Mbyte each.

3.2. Table formatting

The word Table is typed on the right with normal font of 12 pt. Lower without line skip the table title and the table itself is typed with boldface type and is centrally aligned. No intervals should be present between the word Table, the table title and the table itself. The tables are created breadthwise.

The tables may contain notes on the contents and table symbols, which are specified under the tables with normal left-aligned font of 10 pt. The word Note is not typed, and values used in the table which require explanation are marked with symbols *, ** etc. or as figures 1, 2, 3… and are described under these symbols under the table.

Each table should contain a topical heading and a serial number (without sign No.) which is referenced in the text (for example, table 1). If one table is present in the text, then the serial number is not assigned. Columns in the article should have short headings, which specifically reflect the parameters of numerical values assigned. The headings are in subjective case, singular number and are typed with capital letter. The values, specified in the headings, are followed by the units of measurement in short (ml, lg, ºС, d, % etc.). The same definitions in the headings and crossheadings of the table should not be repeated.

The tables should be compact and illustrative. Table and column headings should conform to their contents precisely. All the figures in the tables should conform to the figures in the text and processed statistically.

The tables should be placed into the article only when they are difficult or impossible to express in the common text or when it is necessary to visually compare the given data.

In the table the normal font of 10-12 pt is used depending on the volume of the table.

Table columns should not have spaces or unexplained blank spots.

The tables are not broken into two pages, horizontal tables are prohibited


  1. The English translation of the article is presented in the same order and structure.
  2. It is prohibited to send materials which have already been published in other publications or are subject to publication in other editorial offices.